Descriptive Gazetteer Entry for Ayr

Ayr.-- par., parl. and royal burgh, and co. town of Ayrshire, at mouth of river Ayr, 40½ miles SW. of Glasgow, 78½, miles SW. of Edinburgh, and 384 miles from London by rail -- par., 6939 ac., pop. 10,182; parl. burgh, pop. 20,812; royal burgh, pop. 8776; 7 Banks, 4 newspapers. Market-days, Tuesday and Friday. The town is connected with Newton and Wallaceton on N. side of the river by the "Auld Brig" and "New Brig," cerebrated by Burns. There are mfrs. of carpets, woollen goods, and leather; iron foundries; engineering works; and shipbuilding yards. It has extensive docks; coal and iron are the chief exports. The fisheries and the shipping are important. (For statistics, see Appendix.) There are still some fragments of the ramparts of the Fort of Ayr, which was built by Cromwell in 1652. At the S. end of the town is the racecourse, where the Western Meeting takes place annually in September. Ayr unites with Irvine, Campbeltown, Inveraray, and Oban in returning 1 member to Parl.

(John Bartholomew, Gazetteer of the British Isles (1887))

Linked entities:
Feature Description: "parish, parliamentary and royal burgh, and county town"   (ADL Feature Type: "cities")
Administrative units: Ayr ScoP       Ayr Burgh       Ayr DoC       Ayrshire ScoCnty
Place: Ayr

Go to the linked place page for a location map, and for access to other historical writing about the place. Pages for linked administrative units may contain historical statistics and information on boundaries.