Rochdale  Lancashire


In 1887, John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles described Rochdale like this:

Rochdale, parl. and mun. bor. and par., SE. Lancashire, on river Roch and Rochdale Canal, 10 miles NE. of Manchester and 192 from London by rail - par. (including Saddleworth township, West-Riding Yorkshire), 60,626 ac., pop. 153,448; bor., 4172 ac., pop. 68,860; 5 Banks, 3 newspapers. Market-days, Monday and Saturday. ...

Rochdale is a place of great antiquity; there was a Roman station in the vicinity. It was early noted for its woollen mfrs., which in the time of Elizabeth had attained to great prosperity; it is still a seat of the woollen trade, chiefly flannels, but to a greater extent it is a seat of the cotton trade, chiefly calicoes; it has also foundries, machine shops, a paper-mill, &C., and in the neighbourhood are quarries of free-stone and pavement, and extensive collieries. Several of the old streets have of late years been widened out, and the appearance of the town has been much improved. The parish church (St Chad's), of 12th century, situated on an eminence, is approached from the lower part of the town by a flight of 122 steps. There are public baths and a free library. Rochdale is the centre of the co-operative movement, which originated there in 1844. Lord Byron's family were barons of Rochdale, and held the manor for more than 200 years. It was made a parl. bor. in 1832, and a municipal bor. in 1856. It returns 1 member to Parliament.

Rochdale through time

Click here for graphs and data of how Rochdale has changed over two centuries. For statistics for historical units named after Rochdale go to Units and Statistics.

How to reference this page:

GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Rochdale in Lancashire | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.


Date accessed: 31st May 2024

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